Influenza to pneumonia: 5 common winter illnesses; how to prevent

Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

  • Symptoms like sore throat, coughing, and sneezing are common to many winter illnesses. Expert on preventive measures.

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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

“During the winter season, a number of ailments have a tendency to become more common as a result of lower humidity, colder temperatures, and more time spent inside. The chance of getting sick can be considerably decreased by being aware of these frequent wintertime ailments and by adopting preventive actions,” says Amol Naikawadi, Joint Managing Director & Preventive Healthcare Specialist, Indus Health Plus, as she shares list of common wintertime ailments and their preventative measures. (Shutterstock)

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1. Common cold: A viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract is the common cold. A sore throat, coughing, sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, and occasionally a low-grade fever are among the symptoms. (Pexels)
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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

1. Common cold: A viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract is the common cold. A sore throat, coughing, sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, and occasionally a low-grade fever are among the symptoms. (Pexels)

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2. Influenza (Flu): Influenza viruses produce the flu, a respiratory disease that is highly contagious. In addition to the typical cold, symptoms might be more severe and include fever, sore throat, exhaustion, body pains, coughing, and congestion. 
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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

2. Influenza (Flu): Influenza viruses produce the flu, a respiratory disease that is highly contagious. In addition to the typical cold, symptoms might be more severe and include fever, sore throat, exhaustion, body pains, coughing, and congestion. 

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3. Norovirus: The highly contagious norovirus is the source of gastroenteritis, which manifests as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and cramping in the stomach. (freepik )
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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

3. Norovirus: The highly contagious norovirus is the source of gastroenteritis, which manifests as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and cramping in the stomach. (freepik )

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4. Bronchitis: Frequently brought on by viruses, bronchitis causes inflammation of the bronchial passages, which can produce a chronic cough, discomfort in the chest, and occasionally a low temperature. (Pexels)
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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

4. Bronchitis: Frequently brought on by viruses, bronchitis causes inflammation of the bronchial passages, which can produce a chronic cough, discomfort in the chest, and occasionally a low temperature. (Pexels)

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5. Pneumonia: Numerous pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungus, can cause pneumonia, which causes inflammation of the lung's air sacs. Cough, fever, dyspnoea, and chest pain are among the symptoms. (AFP)
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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

5. Pneumonia: Numerous pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungus, can cause pneumonia, which causes inflammation of the lung’s air sacs. Cough, fever, dyspnoea, and chest pain are among the symptoms. (AFP)

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It is important to follow hand hygiene and use alcohol-based hand sanitizers. One should wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. (Pixabay)
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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

It is important to follow hand hygiene and use alcohol-based hand sanitizers. One should wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. (Pixabay)

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To strengthen your immune system, eat a well-balanced diet full of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Get enough sleep and exercise frequently to strengthen your immune system. 
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Published on Dec 15, 2023 06:00 AM IST

To strengthen your immune system, eat a well-balanced diet full of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Get enough sleep and exercise frequently to strengthen your immune system. 

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